Your Dog May Be Taking Cues From You

By Erin Kirkpatrick

It’s been said that dogs can read emotions, and many of us have found ourselves in situations we believe confirm these findings. My childhood pup, Kaya, and my current roommate’s dog, Koda, shower me in sloppy, wet kisses and unwavering attention when I bawl my eyes out, but maybe there is more to this interaction than I previously thought…

What if dogs learn and actually mirror their owners’ behaviors and responses?

Does a carefree and relaxed owner = a carefree and relaxed dog? Does a nervous and anxious owner = a nervous and anxious dog?

A recent study from the University of Vienna led by Iris Schöberl of the Department of Behavioral Biology may have provided scientific evidence that answers these questions. In this study, researchers measured levels of cortisol, often referred to as “the stress hormone,” in the saliva of 132 dog owners and their pets to determine responses to stress.

An individual with high cortisol levels is more likely to be stressed out, but in order to understand how they experience stress over time, it is important to look at how cortisol levels vary over time.

For example, two individuals may find themselves in the exact same stressful situation. One of the individuals is calm and the other individual is already stressed. The cortisol levels in the individual who was initially calm might skyrocket, while the cortisol levels in the stressed individual might remain the same because their body, out of habit, is already producing the stress hormone.

Keeping this in mind, cortisol levels were measured numerous times while the dogs were placed in situations designed to make them anxious and uneasy. In one situation, someone wearing a ski mask approached the dog in a threatening manner. In another, the dog was asked by its owner to walk across an unstable wire mesh bridge. The most realistic situation involved separating the dog from its owner.

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